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厦门市高一下质量检测英语作文(共9篇)

时间:2017-04-05 来源:作文周刊 本文已影响

篇一:厦门市2015-2016学年第二学期高一年级质检卷英语

篇二:2013-2014厦门高一上英语质检(含答案)

篇三:2012-2013学年厦门市高一(下)质量检测英语试题(必修4)--胡桂容--杨敏

高一英语——学生姓名 6.14

厦门市2012-2013学年度下期期末考试高一英语试卷(笔试)

英语必修4试题

A卷(共100分)

注意事项:

1答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考号、考试科目涂写在答题卡上。

2.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案。不能答在试卷纸上。

I. 听力理解(略)

II. 单项选择(共12小题;每小题1分,满分12分)

social failure.

A. a; / A. support A. are A. cut down A. can you improve A. whatever A. to work ---

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瑞景校区:2042400 牛庄21号楼五楼博物馆校区:2042008 海洋花园一楼莲坂校区:2042001 富山名仕园三楼 集美校区:6224111 集美综合楼三楼 滨北校区:2042006中闽大厦五楼卧龙校区:2042808 太川大楼六楼

B. /; / B. deliver B. will be B. cut off

B. you can improve B. wherever B. to be working

C. /; a C. represent C. is C. cut in C. you improve C. however C. working

D. a; a D. swing D. have D. cut up D. improve you D. whenever D. worked

to attend the meeting tomorrow.

from the outside world after the earthquake. your spoken English. 18. I won’t give in

hard on her lessons. 20. ---Could you tell me how I can get to Peterson Building, please?

A. Don’t ask me C. You’re welcome A. do; to go A. crowding in A. comment A. However

B. to do; go B. crowded in B. campaign B. Besides

B. Sure. You can take the No. 3bus D. Thank you all the same C. to do; to go C. crowd in C. preserve C. Otherwise

D. do; go D. to crowd in D. approach D. Therefore

21. It’s so hot now

24. There are unhappy smiles.

III. 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

Diagnosed(诊断to write a letter.

Dear,

As you know, I have learned that I from cancer. The afternoon I telephoned Linda and wept. I went home, lay down on my bed and. Would they wonder who I was?

A few days later, I thought of a way I might help recreate(再创造)of have and happiness with me, and the men who know my voice. I would call this group of men “the Council(委员会)of Dads”.

That morning I began writing this letter. Will you help be their dad? Will you be my voice? hope I will together in the future. But I would of a burden(负担). every now and then will make sure that your presence will be always a guide in the girls’ lives.

has been painful to write, this unexpected idea at this moment in our lives has and comfort to Linda and me. We are pleased to know that our girls will have taught me over the years. And we are to come, and above all, we know that the council of dads can, if needed, be me.

25. A. concluded 26. A. recover 27. A. reached for 28. A. imagining 29. A. parents 30. A. it 31. A. dad 32. A. bargain 33. A. form 34. A. through 35. A. Instead 36. A. when 37. A. occasions 38. A. nothing 39. A. used 40. A. hug 41. A. As though 42. A. struggle 43. A. learn 44. A. frightened

B. wondered B. suffer B. raced for B. observing B. daughters B. them B. friend B. deal B. entertain B. between B. Thus B. that B. situations B. anything B. referred B. partner B. Even though B. respect B. hear B. disappointed

C. doubted C. escape C. laughed at C. whispering C. sons C. another C. voice C. decision C. shape C. across C. Naturally C. whether C. conditions C. everything C. intended C. flight C. Now that C. force C. keep C. excited

D. argued D. die D. stared at D. discovering D. friends D. others D. body D. list D. create D. beyond D. Quickly D. if D. behaviors D. something D. directed D. attention D. Thanks to D. strength D. come D. advanced

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瑞景校区:2042400 牛庄21号楼五楼博物馆校区:2042008 海洋花园一楼莲坂校区:2042001 富山名仕园三楼 集美校区:6224111 集美综合楼三楼 滨北校区:2042006中闽大厦五楼卧龙校区:2042808 太川大楼六楼

IV. 阅读理解(共14题; 每小题2分,满分28分)

A

阅读短文,从所给选项中选出最恰当的句子,并将其字母标号填在相应的方框中(其中有一个多余选项)。

Running with the Bulls (公牛)in Pamplona

If you go to Pamplona, Spain, during the Festival of San Fermín, be sure to wear all white and tie a red handkerchief The Festival of San Fermín, first made famous outside of Spain by Ernest Hemingway in his novel The Sun Also Rises (1926), takes place each year from July 6th to July 14th. No adjustment(调整)

is made for the day of the week on The only break between one day and the next is the running of the bulls ,which takes place each morning at 8am.

to get a good view of the running of the bulls. Immediately after the run this group collects their sleeping bags from the bus station and wanders off to any piece of green grass to have a sleep. The other type of is the one who has spent the night in a car, a campground or a nearby town and who join the previous night’s partiers in the viewing queue at 6am. They then begin to party just after the last bull has passed through the narrow streets and entered the arena.

San Fermín is reserved not only for those revelers. has various areas set aside for children’s entertainment. There is at least one square that allows children the opportunity to be chased by a pretend bull. There is also a carnival and traditional Basque Country sports such as stone lifting and tug-of-war.

Tickets can be bought for the following days’ bullfights beginning at 8:00 each morning. If you are unable to buy a ticket, they can be had from scalpers(黄牛党)outside of the arena during the fight. These tickets can be expensive.

After the festival has concluded, the locals put away their white shirts, white pants and red handkerchiefs until next year.

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瑞景校区:2042400 牛庄21号楼五楼博物馆校区:2042008 海洋花园一楼莲坂校区:2042001 富山名仕园三楼 集美校区:6224111 集美综合楼三楼 滨北校区:2042006中闽大厦五楼卧龙校区:2042808 太川大楼六楼

B

阅读文章后,从第50至53题所给的A, B, C, D四个选项中,选出最佳答案。

He and she were sitting face to face. At this moment, the landlord(房东)came in and asked, “Are you sure you do not rent the house any more? ”He kept silent and she only shook her head. They were going to break up, so it was obvious that they would not continue renting the house.

After examining the house, the landlord screamed, “See how you have ruined my house? The walls are full of nails(钉子)!How could I rent the house to others? ”

He said, “The room is too small. So we could only hang them on the walls。”She began looking around her familiar room. Four years ago on the night of their marriage, he said, “I feel sorry to you for having you live in this small room. In the future I will earn a lot of money to buy our own house。”

The room was only 13square meters with two nails on the wall next to the door, one for her to hang her bag and the other for hanging umbrellas. At that time, she threw her bag and umbrella on the floor once she entered the room, feeling terribly upset . There were three nails on the left wall, on which hung his clothes yesterday. After he lived in the room, he removed all the clothes boxes and bought her a desk because he knew she loved writing and drawing. On the right wall were four nails used to fix their wedding photo. But now there were only four nails without the photos. She still remembered he got hurt on his fingers when trying to drive the nails home. It was she who pushed him to receive treatment in the hospital.

The landlord pulled the nails out when complaining at the same time. After the nails were removed, the walls were left with many holes. Suddenly, she felt quite heartbroken and cried, “Stop! We will continue renting the house and will only move away after we buy our own!”He looked at her with great surprise, and then turned round, tearing over his face.

She finally came to understand that marriage was like a wall and that all quarrels and cold wars were like the nails on the wall. When all the nails were removed, only a wall with holes would be left. But if all the nails were still in their own places, the wall was still fine. But in the past, what she saw was only those annoying nails。

They hung all the things back to the wall. He asked her, “Are you really willing to lead a tough life with me? ”She patted(拍)away the dirt on hands and said, “Yes! For me, it is not a suffering to live。

50. What might be the best title for the passage?

A. What a wonderful marriage! C. It’s not a suffering to live

A. the couple often quarreled with each other C. the husband didn’t love his wife at all A. the couple were to break up

C. he had to remove the nails on the wall A. The husband begged her not to break up

B. Marriage with cold wars D. Renting the house

B. the wife is satisfied with her marriage D. there are 13 nails in all in the wall B. he thought the house had been ruined D. the couple would stop renting his house

B. She thought the house was hard to rent to others

51. We can infer from the passage that

52. The landlord was very angry because 53. Why did the wife decide to continue renting the house?

C. The husband insisted on renting the house D. She came to understand what marriage was like

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瑞景校区:2042400 牛庄21号楼五楼博物馆校区:2042008 海洋花园一楼莲坂校区:2042001 富山名仕园三楼 集美校区:6224111 集美综合楼三楼 滨北校区:2042006中闽大厦五楼卧龙校区:2042808 太川大楼六楼

高一英语——学生姓名 6.14

C

阅读文章后,从第54至58题所给的A, B, C, D四个选项中,选出最佳答案。

For many well-educated, rich Chinese travelers, buying a copy of Lonely Planet is the first task before taking a vacation abroad. Founded in 1973, Lonely Planet is the biggest guidebook series in the US, UK and Australia. It’s published in 11languages including Chinese.

But when the BBC confirmed on March 19that it had sold the entire Lonely Planet series to a US billionaire at a great The rise of the Internet and the popularity of smart phones have become a burden(负担)on the print media. Why would travelers bring a heavy guidebook when they can download its digital(数码的)content to their smart phone in an minute? Furthermore, free travel content is everywhere on the Internet, from Wikivoyage to TripAdvisor to blogs written by travel writers.

“If you’re in your 20s or 30s, the first place you’re going to go for travel information is a social network,” said Howard Blumenthal, who writes the Digital Insider blog. “With so many people providing content, you don’t have to go to Fodor’s to get hotel information because there’s TripAdvisor and its competitors.”

Even for those who still want a guidebook in their hand, once they download an app to their electronic device(装置), they’re more than likely to kiss goodbye to their physical guidebooks.

But the Internet is not the only reason that guidebooks are gradually falling. Kevin Rushby, author of four popular travel books and travel writer for The Guardian, said that the

problem with the guidebook is that “it gets too detailed that can kill any sense of personal exploration.”

Several times on recent trips Rushby found he hadn’t opened his guidebook at all. The maps in the guidebooks have been bettered by Google Maps. And the top sights are often lists of overcrowded, overpriced attractions surrounded by tour groups, he said.

And yet, despite the rise of new media(媒体), some experts believe there is still a place for printed books.

54. Which of the following can be the best title?

A. Guidebooks lose way to internet C. Download an app to your device A. Free content on blogs C. The weight of printed media

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瑞景校区:2042400 牛庄21号楼五楼博物馆校区:2042008 海洋花园一楼莲坂校区:2042001 富山名仕园三楼 集美校区:6224111 集美综合楼三楼 滨北校区:2042006中闽大厦五楼卧龙校区:2042808 太川大楼六楼

B. why not buy Lonely Planet? D. kiss goodbye to google maps B. The rise of the internetD. The appearance of smart phones

B. here comes the end of the printed guidebook

55. Which of the following has the least effect on the printed media?

A. the printed guidebook will take off soon

C. the deal is a success for the printed guidebook D. the swan song will be included in the printed guidebook A. Wikivoyage and TripAdvisor are two blogs B. Guidebooks encourage personal exploration C. Fodor’s is probably a printed travel guidebook

D. Lonely planet is the biggest guidebook all over the world A. The rise of new media

C. The disadvantages of printed books

B. The advantages of printed books

D. More of the writer’s opinions about internet

57. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

58. What will probably be discussed after the passage?

篇四:厦门市2015年高一下市质检语文参考答案

厦门市2014-2015学年度第二学期高一年级质量检测

语文必修3和必修4 参考答案

一、积累与运用(23分)

1.(3分)D(A项,前合后偃古稀yú 贿赂.yǎn 孝悌.tì;B项,年逾..lù;C项,转轴拨弦血shǔn。) .xián 磨牙吮.

2.(3分)B(A项,惘然若失 不可理喻;C项,国粹魅力 值得称颂;D项,襟怀坦白 沧海桑田。)

3.(3分)A

4.(3分)C

5.(3分)A(B项,范晔的《后汉书》,班固的《汉书》;C项,“柳永”应改作“柳宗元”;D项,《罗密欧与朱丽叶》应改作《麦克白》。)

6.(8分)(1)人生如梦,一尊还酹江月(2)楚天千里清秋,水随天去秋无际(3)无边落木萧萧下,不尽长江滚滚来(4)锲而不舍,金石可镂 (每格1分,有错别字不给分)

二、课内古诗文阅读(27分)

7.(3分)B(①名词作状语,景,古“影”字,像影子一样;②名词作动词,游水;③形容词的意动用法,以……为耻;④形容词的使动用法,使……完好无缺;⑤名词作状语,在朝堂上;⑥名词作动词,递眼色。)

8.(3分)C(例句为宾语前置句。A项,判断句;B项,省略句;C项,宾语前置句;D项,被动句。)

9.(4分)(1)比较这两个计策,宁可答应(给秦国璧),来使它承担理亏(的责任)。 (本小题2分,“之”、“负”各1分。若语意不连贯,可酌情扣分。)

(2)认真地兴办学校教育,把孝悌的道理反复讲给百姓听。(本小题2分,“庠序”、“申”各1分。若语意不连贯,可酌情扣分。)

10.(6分)(1)(3分)B(犯,侮辱)

(2)(3分)D(文段没有对苏武进行心理描写。)

11.(6分)(1)(3分)C(A项,①“之”为结构助词,“的”之意;②“之”用在主谓之间,取消句子独立性;B项,①“而”连词,表承接;②“而”连词,表转折;C项,“乃”

均为连词,“于是”之意;D项,①“因”介词,意为“凭借、依靠”;②“因”介词,意为“通过、经由”。)

(2)(3分)C(文段全从正面描写秦始皇的实力和野心,并无正反对比之处。)

12.(5分)(1)(3分)B(本词是词人前期作品,词人未经“身世骤变”。)

(2)(2分)菊花的外形清秀、清淡,这与作者因相思而消瘦的体态相近,(1分)这样的比喻形象地表现了作者思念丈夫孤独、愁闷的内心状态,形神兼备。(1分)(意思对即可)

三、课外古诗文阅读(16分)

(一)

13.(3分)C(疏,动词,上疏。)

14.(3分)C(原文何乔远说“依理应当一并罢免”,并没有交代何乔远因此被罢免。)

15.(4分)(1)(何乔远)借机进言历代朝廷控制倭寇的旧例,皇帝颇为心动。(本小题2分,“累”、“故事”各1分。若语意不连贯,酌情扣分。)

(2)不久,广宁最终被放弃。(本小题2分,“无何”、“竟”各1分。若语意不连贯,酌情扣分。)

【参考译文】

何乔远,字稚孝,晋江人。万历十四年考中进士。授官刑部主事,历任礼部仪制郎中。同僚陈泰来等议论政事被贬,他直接上疏相救。当时倭寇攻打朝鲜很急,大司马石星主张封贡倭寇,但朝鲜使臣金晬哭泣着诉说由于李如松、沈惟敬的失误,致使本国六万多人束手被杀。何乔远立即上报,借机进言历代朝廷控制倭寇的旧例,皇帝颇为心动。但石星坚持自己的主张,何乔远的奏疏终究没有被采纳。后来何乔远因为其他事受牵连获罪贬谪广西布政使经历,又以其他事情辞官回家。乔远在家中闲居二十多年,朝廷内外交相举荐,但不被起用。

光宗即位,召何乔远担任光禄少卿,调任太仆。王化贞驻兵广宁,主张出战。何乔远筹划防守抵御的策略,极力劝说不宜轻举妄动。不久,广宁终究被放弃。天启二年何乔远进升左通政。邹元标建立首善书院,朱童蒙等弹劾他。何乔远说:“书院上梁的文字实际上是我亲手所写,依理应当将我一并罢免。”话语中对朱童蒙有所攻诘。后何乔远进升光禄卿、通政使。何乔远五次上疏称病隐退,最后以户部右侍郎的身份退休。崇祯二年又起任南京工部右侍郎。给事中卢兆龙弹劾他老弱昏庸,何乔远自己辞官离去。

何乔远阅览广博,喜好著书。曾辑录明代十三朝遗事成《名山藏》,又编写《闽书》一百五十卷,在社会上颇为流传,然而援引的依据多有失实之处。

何乔远在崇祯四年去世,年纪七十四岁。

(二)

16.(2分)险峻,(1分)优美。(1分)(意思对即可)

17.(4分)既表达了对友人入蜀的宽慰,(1分)又委婉劝诫友人不必执着于功名,(2分)也寄寓了自己受人排挤的感慨。(1分)

四、课内现代文阅读(12分)

(一)

18.(2分)话题转换;舞台说明(或舞台提示)。

19.(2分)他现在的母亲并不是你,你不能和他相认。(意思对即可)

20.(2分)自尊、倔强和疾恶如仇。(意思对即可)

(二)

21.(3分)C(不是对比论证,是类比论证)

22.(3分)“丰富”和“大度”运用反语(或褒词贬用);(1分)“丰富”和“大度”本指东西多而又慷慨大方,这里是对当局一味“送去”的自欺欺人行径的嘲讽。(2分)

五、课外现代文阅读(12分)

23.(5分)A D(A项,舆情可能会出现“U型(原文来自:wWW.zuOWEnzhouKan.com 作 文周 刊:厦门市高一下质量检测英语作文)”转弯,这是一种可然性,而非必然性;D项,因果关系不成立。)(答对一项给3分,全对给满分)

24.(3分)先提出“在追寻社会文明时,需要更多‘省视的目光’”的观点;(1分)再指出若为当事者,我们要能反躬自省,换位思考;(1分)最后指出若为围观者,我们要能推己及人,多看深想。(1分)

25.(4分)①形成基本的文明观,守住文明的底线;(2分)②面对复杂的社会现实,形成审视与反省的习惯。(2分)

六、写作(60分)

26.评分标准(略)

篇五:厦门市2014~2015学年(下)高一数学质量检测

厦门市2014~2015学年第二学期高一质量检测

一、选择题:本大题共10小题,每小题5分,共50分。

1. 在空间直角坐标系O-xyz,点P(1,2,3)关于xOy平面的对称点是 ( )

A. (-1,2,3) B.(-1,-2,3) C. (1,2,-3) D.(1,-2,-3)

2. sin

20?

的值为 ( ) 3

11 B.- C. D. -

2222

A.

3.已知e1, e2 是互相垂直的两个单位向量,若a?2e1?e2,则a等于 ( )

A.1 B. C.3 D.5

4.如图,一个空间几何体的正视图,侧视图,俯视图为全等的等腰直角三角形, 那么这个几何体的体积为 ( )

A.1 B.

111

C. D. 236

5.已知l是一条直线,?,?是两个不同的平面,则以下十个命题正确 ( )

A.若l??,l//?,则?//? B.l??,l??,则l//?

C.l??,l??,则??? D.???,l??,则l??

6.已知直线ax?y?1?0与(a?2)x?3y?1?0互相垂直,则实数a等于 ( )

A.-3或1 B.1或3 C.-1或-3 D.-1或3

7.为了得到函数y?sin2x?cos2x的图像,只要把函数y?2sin2x的图像 ( )

??

个单位长度 B. 向左平移个单位长度 36??

C.向右平移个单位长度 D. 向右平移个单位长度

36

A. 向左平移

8.已知点A(-2,0),B(0,4),点P在圆C:(x-3)+y-4

2

(

)2=5,则使∠APB=900的点P的个数为 ( )

A.0 B.1 C.2 D.3

9.如图,在四棱锥P-ABCD中,底面ABCD为菱形,∠DAB=60.侧面PAD为正三角形, 且平面PAD⊥平面ABCD,则下列说法错误的是( )

A.在棱AD上存在点D,使AD⊥平面PMB B.异面直线AD与PB所成的角为900

C.二面角P-BC-A的大小为45 D.BD⊥平面

PAC

10.已知点M(3,2),点P在y轴上运动,点Q在圆C:(x-1)+y+2

2

(

)2=4上运动,

+的最小值为( )

A.3 B.5 C.2-1 D.2+1

二、填空题:本大题6小题,每小题4分,共24分。把答案填在答题卡相应位置。 11.已知向量a=(1,2), b=(m,-4),若a//b ,则m=______________;

12.如图,两个边长都为1的正方形并排在一起,则tan(α+β)=______________; 13.已知点A(0,0),B(3,3),C(2,1),则ΔABC的面积为 .

14.如图,已知圆锥S0的母线SA的长度为2,一只蚂蚁从点B绕着圆锥侧面爬回点B的最短距离为2,则圆锥SO的底面半径为 . 15.已知二次方程x2+y2+x+y+tanθ=0(-为 .

16.已知函数f(x)=tanx-sinx,下列命题中正确的是(写出所有正确命题的序号)

①f(x)的周期为π; ②f(x)的图象关于点(π,0)对称; ③f(x)在(三、解答题

17.(本题满分12分)

如图,正方体ABCD-A1B1C1D1的棱长为2,E,F,G分别是B1C1,AD1,D1E的中点. (1)求证:FG//平面AA1E;

(2)求FG与平面A1B1C1D1所成的角的正切值.

ππ

<θ<)表示圆在,则θ的取值范围22

πππ

,π)上单调递增;④f(x)在(-,)上有3个零点. 222

如图,平行四边形ABCD(A,B,C,D按逆时针顺序排列),AB,AD边所在直线的方程分别是

0) x?4y?7?0,3x?2y?11?0,且对角线AC和BD的交点为M(2,

(1)求点A的坐标

(2)求CD边所在直线的方程

19.(本小题满分12分)

如图,已知锐角?,钝角?的始边都是x轴的非负半轴,终边分别与单位圆交于点P(),Q(?,) (1)求sin?POQ;

(2)设函数f(x)?2cos2x?sin2x,x?[0,?],求f(x)的值域.

1223455

1

?ABC是边长为3的等边三角形,??(???1),过点F作DF?BC交AC边于点D,交BA的延长线

2

于点E. (1)当??

2

时,设?a,?b,用向量a,b表示; 3

(2)当?为何值时,?取得最大值,并求出最大值.

21.(本小题满分14分)

如图,甲、乙两个企业的用电负荷量y关于投产持续时间t(单位:小时)的关系y?f(t)均近似地满足函数

f(t)?Asin(?t??)?b(A?0,??0,0????).

(1)根据图象,求函数f(t)的解析式;

(2)为使任意时刻两企业用电负荷量之和不超过4.5,现采用错峰用电的方式,让企业乙比企业甲推迟m(m?0)小时投产,求m的最小值.

已知A,B为圆O:x2?y2?4与y轴的交点(A在B上),过点P(0,4)的直线l交圆O于M,N两点. (1)若弦MN

的长等于l的方程;

(2)若M,N都不与A,B重合时,是否存在定直线m,使得直线AN与BM的交点恒在直线m上.若存在,求出直线m的方程;若不存在,说明理由.

(第22题图)

篇六:厦门市2013-2014高一下质检试卷含答案

厦门市2013~2014学年(下)高一质量检测

数学试题

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分.满分150分,考试时间120分钟.

1

参考公式:锥体体积公式 V?Sh,其中S为底面面积,h为高.

3

第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共50分)

一、选择题:本大题共10小题,每小题5分,共50分.在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有一项是符合题目要求的.在答题卷上的相应题目的答题区域内作答. 1

?y?1?0的倾斜角是

A.30°B.60° C.120° D.150° 2.已知sin???,?是第四象限角,则tan?等于

45

3443

B.C.? D. ?

34341

3.经过点A(8,?2),斜率为?的直线方程为

2

A.x?2y?4?0B.x?2y?12?0 C.2x?y?14?0 D.x?2y?4?0 4.如图,在平行四边形ABCD中,O是对角线AC,BD的交点, N是线段OD的中点,AN的延长线与CD交于点E,则下列关系错误的是 ....A.?

A.AC?AB?ADB.BD?AD?

ABC.AO?

11

AB?AD 22

D.AE?

1

AB?AD4A

5.为了得到y?2sin(2x?A.向右平移

?

6

)的图象,只需将y?2sin2x图象上所有的点

??

个单位长度B.向左平移个单位长度 1212??

C.向右平移个单位长度 D.向左平移个单位长度

66

6.设m,n是两条不同的直线,?,?是两个不同的平面,下列命题中正确的是

A . 若???,m??,n??,则m?n B.若?//?,m??,n??,则m//n C.若m?n,m??,n??,则??? D.若m??,m//n,n//?,则???

7.在下列向量组中,可以把向量a?(3,4)表示出来的是

A.i?(0,0),j?(2,1)B.i?(?1,2),j?(5,?4)

?

????

????

C.i?(1,2),j?(2,4)D.i?(?3,6),j?(3,?6)

8.函数f(x)?

3cosx?sinx图象的一条对称轴为 22

1

A.x??

?

3

B.x??

?

6

C.x?

?

6

D.x?

?

3

9.如图,⑴,⑵,⑶,⑷为四个几何体的三视图,根据三视图可以判断这四个几何体依次为

俯视图

(3)

俯视图

(4)

B.三棱台,三棱锥,圆锥,圆柱

D.三棱柱,三棱锥,圆锥与圆柱的组合体,圆台

正视图

侧视图

正视图

侧视图

俯视图

(1) 正视图

侧视图

正视图 侧视图

俯视图

(2)

A.三棱台,四棱锥,圆锥,圆台

C.三棱柱,四棱锥,圆锥,圆台

10.设S是平面M上所有向量的集合,对于映射f:S?S,a?S,记a的象为f(a).若映

射f:S?S满足:对任意a,b?S,当a?b时,恒有f(a)?f(b),则称映射f是

平面M上的“保序向量函数”.下列映射f: ①f(a)??a,其中??R且??0;

②f(a)?a?e,其中e是一个单位向量; ③f:(x,y)?(x?y,x?y),其中x,y?R;

④f:(x,y)?(?x,?y),其中x,y?R,?,?是满足????1的实常数. 其中一定是平面M上的“保序向量函数”的映射f的个数为

C.3 D.4 第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共100分)

二、填空题:本大题共6小题,每小题4分,共24分.在答题卷上的相应题目的答题区域内作答.

A.1

B.2

11.已知tan??3,则tan(??

2

2

?

4

)?

A1

12.若a?3,b?5,a?b??3,则a?b?

13.如图,已知长方体ABCD?A1B1C1D1中,AB?2,BC?3,AA1?5,

2

则该长方体截去三棱锥A1?AB1D1后,剩余部分几何体的体积为. 14.过原点且倾斜角为60的直线被圆x2?y2?4x?0所截得的弦长为

15.已知函数f(x)?Asin(?x??)(A,?,?是常数,A?0,??0)的图象与直线

y?b(0?b?A)的三个相邻交点的横坐标分别是2,4,8,则f(

x)的单调递增区间是___

16.某同学在研究函数f(x)?

的性质时,受到两点间距离公

式的启发,将f(

x

)变形为f(x)?下列关于函数f(x)的结论:

,并得出

①f(x)的图象是中心对称图形; ②f(x)的图象是轴对称图形;

③函数f(x)的值域为?0,6?;

④方程f?f(x)??3个解. 其中所有正确结论的序号是 .

三、解答题:本大题共6小题,共76分,解答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤,在答题卷上相应题目的答题区域内作答. 17.(本小题满分12分)

已知函数f(x)?(sinx?cosx)2?2cos2x. (Ⅰ)求f(x)的最小正周期;

(Ⅱ)求f(x)的最大值,并求使函数取得最大值时x的集合.

18. (本小题满分12分)

如图,四棱锥P?ABCD中,O是底面正方形ABCD的中心,PO?平面ABCD,

E是棱PC上的点.

(Ⅰ)若E是PC的中点,求证:PA∥平面(Ⅱ)求证:平面PAC?平面BDE.

19. (本小题满分12分) (Ⅰ)求曲线C的方程;

3

已知两定点A(?2,0),B(1,0),曲线C上的任意一点P满足?2PB.

(Ⅱ)直线l过点D(4,6)且与曲线C相切,求直线l的方程.

20.(本小题满分12分)

已知?(6,1),?(x,y),?(?2,?3),且∥AD. (Ⅰ)若?,求的坐标; (Ⅱ)求BD的最小值.

21.(本小题满分14分)

如图,某市在长为6千米的道路EF一侧修建了一条健身跑道,健身跑道为曲线段EGF,曲线段是函数y?2sin(?x??)(??0)(x?[?3,3])的图象.市政府规划在道路与跑道之间的区域内建一个矩形公园ABCD,公园的两个出入口A,B在道路EF上,相距2千米,且线段AB的中点恰为坐标原点O,另两个出入口C,D在健身跑道EGF上. (Ⅰ)求该公园的面积;

(Ⅱ)若在公园ABCD内铺设三条小路OP,OQ,PQ,点P,Q分别在边AD,BC上,

且?POQ?90.

(i)设?BOQ??,试将△POQ的周长l表示成?的函数,并指出函数的定义域; (ii)经测算, 铺设三条小路的费用均为每千米60万元,如何设计才能使铺路的总费用最

低?并求出最低总费用.

22.(本小题满分14分)

已知圆O:x2?y2?4,动直线l1:x?ky?2k?0和l2:kx?y?4k?0(k?R). (Ⅰ)试判断直线l1和圆O的位置关系,并说明理由;

(Ⅱ)已知直线l2与圆O相交,直线l1被圆O截得的弦的中点为M,求动点M的轨迹的

长度.

厦门市2013~2014学年(下)高一质量检测

数学参考答案

一、选择题:本大题共10小题,每小题5分,共50分. 1—5:CAADB 6—10:DBBCB

二、填空题:本大题共6小题,每小题4分,共24分. 11. ?2

12.13. 25 14. 2 15.?6k,6k?3?(k?Z)16. ②③④ 三、解答题:本大题共6小题,共76分.

4

17.(本小题满分12分) 解:(Ⅰ)f(x)?1?sin2x

?1?cos2x,???????????????2分

?x?)?2, ???????????????4分

4

2?

??. ??????????6分 所以函数f(x)的最小正周期为T?2

(Ⅱ)f(x)的最大值为2?2,??????????????????8分

当2x?

?

?

4

?

?

2

?2k?,???????????????????10分

即x?k??

?

8

,k?Z时,f(x)取得最大值,???????????11分

所以,f(x)取最大值时x的集合为?xx?k??

??

?

?

,k?Z?.????12分 8?

18.(本小题满分12分)

证明:(Ⅰ)连接OE.??????????????1分

∵O是AC的中点,E是PC的中点,

∴OE∥AP,???????????????3分

又∵OE?平面BDE,PA?平面BDE,???5分

∴PA∥平面BDE. ????????????6分(Ⅱ)∵PO?平面ABCD,BD?平面ABCD,

∴PO⊥BD,???????????????8分

又∵AC⊥BD,

PO?平面PAC,AC?平面PAC,且AC∩PO?O,?????9分 ∴BD⊥平面PAC. ?????????????????????10分 ∵BD?平面BDE,?????????????????????11分 ∴平面PAC?平面BDE. ??????????????????12分 19.(本小题满分12分)

解:(Ⅰ)设P(x,y),由?2PB,

得(x?2)2?y2?2(x?1)2?y2, ??????????????2分 化简得曲线C的方程(x?2)2?y2?4.????????????5分 (Ⅱ)①当直线l斜率不存在时,直线l的方程为x?4,与曲线C相切;?6分

②当直线l斜率存在时,设直线l的方程为y?k(x?4)?6, ???7分

因为直线l与曲线C相切,所以圆心?2,0?到直线

l的距离等于半径2, 即

解得k?,????????????????????????10分

3

42

所以直线l的方程为y?x?,即4x?3y?2?0,??????11分

33

综上可知,直线l的方程为x?4或4x?3y?2?0. ??????12分 20.(本小题满分12分)

?2, ??????????????????????9分

?AB?BC解:(Ⅰ)AD??(x?4,y?2), ??????????2分

5

篇七:厦门市2014—2015学年(上)高一质量检测参考答案

厦门市2014—2015学年(上)高一质量检测参考答案

历史必修1试题

A卷

一、单项选择题:(每题2分,共30题60分)

1-5 BADBC 6-10 DCCAA11-15 BABBC

16-20 BACCB 21-25 BDDCD26-30 ACCDD

二、非选择题(31题12分,32题13分,33题15分,共3题40分)

31.(12分)

(1)分封制。(2分)服从周天子命令,定期朝觐。(1分)

(2)闽中郡。(1分)郡守。(1分)

由皇帝任免调动;不得世袭;由中央垂直管理。(2分,任答两点即可。)

(3)宣政院,元朝(2分) 行省制度。(1分)

(4)地方权力不断削弱,中央集权不断加强(2分)

32.(13分)

(1)协定关税;治外法权(或:领事裁判权)。(2分)

抗日战争是世界反法西斯战争的重要组成部分(或:世界反法西斯阵营的形成);为世

界反法西斯战争的胜利做出了巨大贡献。(2分,任答一点)

(2)敌视(或:孤立)。(1分)

独立自主的和平外交政策;“一边倒”。(2分)

(3)冷战持续;两极格局受到冲击;多极化趋势发展。(2分,任答两点)

“乒乓外交”、基辛格访华。(任答一点1分)尼克松访华。(1分)

(4)国家利益、国家实力、意识形态(或:国家制度)、国际形势。(2分,任答两点)

33.(15分)

(1)英国君主立宪制;法国共和制。《权利法案》;《第三共和国宪法》(或1875年宪法)(4

分)

(2)美国1787年宪法。(1分) 美国实行联邦制,各州保留一定的自主权;国家权力分为

行政、立法、司法三个部门,三权各自独立,互相制约。(4分)

(3)第一届全国人民代表大会(1分) 通过《中华人民共和国宪法》;(1分)以国家根本大

法的形式确立了国家性质及根本政治制度(如答出具体性质、制度也可得分)。(2分)

(4)民主化是历史发展的趋势;政体的确立是一个曲折、漫长的过程;国情不同,政体不

同。(2分)(言之成理均可得分)

B卷

三、单项选择题:(每题2分,共10题20分)

34-38 ACABA39-43 CCCDB

四、非选择题(44题、45题各15分,共2题30分)

44.(15分)

(1)城邦权力属于全体公民;法律面前一律平等。(2分)

公民大会、五百人议事会和民众法庭。(3分)

(2)雅典的民主仅是本城邦男性公民的民主,妇女、奴隶等都不享有政治权利。(2分)

雅典民主创造了一种集体管理的新形式。(2分)

(3)抽签选举,轮流坐庄。(2分)

雅典公民都有机会参与国家政治事务,具有强烈的集体荣誉感;但素养不同的人享有 同等的国家管理权,很有可能会导致国家权力的滥用和误用。(4分)

45.(15分)

(1)1911年辛亥革命(武昌起义)爆发,这是近代中国第一次完全意义上的资产阶

级民主革命。1949年新民主主义革命取得胜利,建立了中华人民共和国。(6分)

(2)反帝反封建(或争取独立、民主)任务艰巨(答中国社会性质也可)。(3分))

(3)建立了世界上第一个社会主义国家;冲破了世界帝国主义阵线;为殖民地、半殖民地

的民族解放运动提供了思想武器和实践指导力量。(4分,任答两点)十月革命给中国送来马克思主义,推动中国革命进入新民主主义革命阶段。(2分)

篇八:高一下质量检测英语试题

高一下质量检测英语试题

本试卷分A卷和B卷两部分。A卷1至9页,B卷10至12页。满分150分。考试时间120分钟。本试题附有答题卷。

II.单项填空(共12小题,每小题1分,满分12分)

从所给A、B、C、D选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

13.—Which of the two iPods do you prefer?

—To tell you the truth, I don't like _____ of them.

A.bothB.either C.none D.neither

14.A survey of the opinions of experts ____ that drinking a glass of hot milk before going to bed helps one sleep well.

A.shows B.show C.is showingD.have shown

15.Xiamen Xiang'an Tunnel, _____ is the first undersea tunnel built in mainland China, opened to traffic on April 26th.

A.thatB.what C.whereD.which

16.It rained for several weeks, completely ____ our holiday.

A.ruined B.ruiningC.to ruin D.ruin

17.—How long have you been here?

—___ the end of last year.

A.Since B.At C.By D.In

18.It is every citizen's duty to _____ our country when she is attacked by the enemy.

A.approach B.defend C.support D.preserve

19.China Daily is _____ a newspaper; it keeps us in touch with the world.

A.no more than B.not more thanC.more than D.less than

20.Because of the powerful earthquake, telephone lines, electricity and water supplies were

____ in that area for several days.

A.cut down B.cut in C.cut up D.cut off

21.I don't have enough money.I, _____, can't afford to buy Audi A3 Sportback.

A.therefore B.so C.however D.thus

22.My English teacher is really ___.She is often seen working in her office far into the night.

A.warm-heartedB.easy-goingC.hard-working D.self-confident

23.On the table _____ two dictionaries.You may look up the word in either of them.

A.lay B.laysC.laidD.lies

24.Who would you rather _____ the meeting instead of you?

A.attend B.have attendC.have attendedD.have to attend

III.完形填空(共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项Recently I gave my adult students homework.It was to "go to someone you love and tell them you love them.It has to be someone you have25said those words to before or at least haven't26those words with for a long time."

Since most of the men were over 35 and were raised in the27of men that were taught 28feelings is not "manly", this was very29homework for some.

In our next30, I asked if someone wanted to share his story with us.I fully31 one of the women to

volunteer, as was32the case, but on this evening one of the men raised his hand.As he33out of his chair (all 1.85 metres of him), he began by saying, "Dennis, I was quite34with you last week when you gave us this homework.35were you to tell me to do something that personal? But as I began driving home my heart started talking to me, telling me that I knew36who I needed to say 'I love you' to."

"My father and I had a severe37five years ago, and since then we had 38 seeing each other unless we had to at Christmas.But even then, we hardly39to each other.So last Tuesday I drove to my parents' house after work and said, "Dad, I just 40 to tell you that I love you. '"

"Dad reached out and 41 me and said, 'I love you too, son, but I've never been able to say it.' Two days after my visit, my dad had a heart attack and I don't know if he will 42 it.So, I'm here to tell all of you that

my 43 in this is: Don't wait to do the things 44 it is too late.Take the time to do what you need to do and do it now!"

25.A.ever B.always C.never D.even

26.A.said B.shared C.talked D.discussed

27.A.year B.occasion C.period D.generation

28.A.explaining B.hurting C.devoting D.expressing

29.A.interesting B.threatening C.inspiring D.exciting

30.A.class B.term C.holiday D.week

31.A.asked B.disliked C.advised D.expected

32.A.usually B.probably C.not D.seldom

33.A.sat B.rose C.stood D.struggle

34.A.bored B.amused C.curious D.angry

35.A.How B.Why C.Who D.What

36.A.exactly B.fully C.directly D.simply

37.A.condition B.discussion C.disagreement D.experiment

38.A.hated B.avoided C.reduced D.continued

39.A.spoke B.smiled C.looked D.turned

40.A.dropped in B.ran across C.came over D.came across

41.A.touched B.tested C.inspired D.hugged

42.A.get B.make C.deserve D.overcome

43.A.sense B.point C.thought D.message

44.A.until B.when C.before D.as

IV.阅读理解(共14小题;每小题2分,满分28分)

A

阅读下列五个段落,并从所给选项中选出每一个段落最恰当的小标题,并将其字母标号填在相应的横线上(其中一个为多余选项)

A.Five-a-day "Not much benefit"

B.More Harm than Good

C.Long holidays "harm learning"

D.Young yet brave

E.Most followed on Twitter

F.New "Green" Red Buses

45.

What is red but green, open but closed and old but new? Answer: London's stunning new double-decker

buses.The new bus uses more efficient green technology and has two staircases and an open platform, enabling people to hop on and hop off.Italso has a special design for the front end, which gives it a futuristic look.

46.______

For many years British people have been advised to eat at least five items of fruit or vegetables every day in order to improve their health and reduce the likelihood of illness, in particular, cancer.However, according to a new scientific study, only 2.5% of cancers could be prevented by eating more fruit and vegetables.

47._______

American actor Ashton Kutcher is no longer the most popular person on Twitter.With almost five million

followers ?about 20,000 more than Ashton, Britney Spears is the most popular person on Twitter now.In reply to the news, Britney tweeted, "WOW!!!!! # 1 on Twitter! Thank you!" and treated fans by answering questions they tweeted to her.

48._______

According to a report, being away from school for a long time can mean you start to forget what you've learnt during the school year.Researchers say the school year should be divided into five eight-week terms, with only four weeks off for summer,-instead of six weeks.They think that way, you would be more likely to remember things you learnt in subjects like maths and science.

49._______

Jordan Romero, who is trying to become the youngest ever person to climb the world's highest mountain, has reached the first level.Advanced Base Camp.He's been training hard and his family think that he's ready to do it.However, some people think that he's far too young to be taking on such a dangerous adventure.

B

阅读文章后,从第50至53题所给A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳答案

For the first 10 years after the Wright brothers' original flight in 1903, flying was only a sport.It was a pastime for daredevils (不怕死的人).One very determined daredevil was Bessie Coleman.She was the first black woman to fly an airplane.

Coleman, born in Texas in 1892, the tenth of 13 children, dreamed of becoming a pilot.To earn money for flying lessons, she washed other people's laundry.At the age of 19 she took a train to Chicago, where she began to study in a beauty school.For five years she worked in a barbershop, and then she looked for a flying school.There were none in the United States that would teach women, but Coleman heard that there were schools in France that would.So she studied the language and sailed off to France.

When she returned to the United States in 1921, Coleman was the first licensed black woman pilot.Her "aerial acrobatic (航空特技)exhibitions" impressed audiences.She took her airplane through loop-the-loops and flew upside down.She did slow rolls and sharp rolls.Audiences were amazed when she performed a move called "falling leaf."

Coleman became a famous person.She performed her acrobatic flights all over the country.She also spoke to African-American audiences in schools, churches, and theatres.Fly, she told them.Be a part of the new aviation(航空) industry.Many young African-American men listened to her.Some became honored military pilots during World War II.Many others made their careers in aviation.

On April 29, 1926, Coleman was flying when a tool carelessly left in the airplane hit the control stick.The plane went into a dive and did not recover.The daring 34-year-old pilot was killed.

50.Bessie Coleman went to France to ____.

A.work in a barbershop B.study the language

C.look for a flying school D.take flying lessons

51.Which of the following is probably an "aerial acrobatic"?

A.Flying upside down. B.Speaking to audiences.

C.Getting a pilot's licence. D.Impressing audiences.

52.The underlined word "exhibition" in paragraph 3 means _____.

A.a holding back B.a public show

C.falling leaf D.loop-the-loops

53.What would be the best title for the passage?

A.An early daredevilB.The first flying woman

C.A pioneer in aviationD.The first licensed black pilot

C

阅读文章后,从第54至58题所给A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳答案

Most people call it "body language" —the clues(线索) to the meaning that we get from gesture, facial

expressions, posture —everything that isn't spoken.Experts call it "nonverbal communication," but it means the same thing: a second source of human communication that is often more reliable to understanding what is really going on than the words themselves.

Understanding body language is important to success, whether in the business world or in our personal

lives.However, most of our ideas about body language are wrong, according to modern communication research. There is a belief that people with shifty (变化的) eyes are probably lying.As Paul Ekman says, "When we asked people how they could tell if someone was lying, too much blinking(眨眼) and shifty eyes were the winners.But sometimes people act like that because they are shy.Liars pretend to be calm in order not to be caught.

Ekman goes on to argue against such a wrong belief.Although this kind of body language is probably an

expression of nervousness, it is not always because the person is lying.Shyness can, for example, make people shift their eyes.To understand what someone's behavior means, you have to watch them carefully.

There is also a belief that when meeting someone, the more eye contact, the better.As a result people would like to make initial (开始的) contact in formal situations, like a job interview, by staring fixedly at the other

human.Yet Ekman points out that most of us are comfortable with eye contact lasting a few seconds, but any eye contact that is longer than that can make us nervous.

In short, you must carefully consider the speaker and the speaking environment.Experts suggest that unless you know about someone's basic communication style, you will have little hope in understanding their true feelings through body language.In other words, body language carries important but not always true messages.

54.According to the passage, body language is _____.

A.a language that is not spoken B.a clue to get the meaning

C.a reflection of people's behaviorsD.a source of human communication

55.The word "that" in paragraph 3 refers to ____.

A.blinking B.lyingC.staring D.pretending

56.From the passage we can learn that ____.

A.there is no doubt that a liar has shifty eyes

B.people sometimes blink because of shyness

C.eye contact lasting a few seconds can make us nervous

D.understanding body language is more helpful in business

57.How many examples are given by the writer to support his point of view?

A.1. B.2.C.3.D.4.

58.It can be inferred from the passage that _____.

A.body language is trustworthy in telling who is lying

B.body language helps us better understand other people

C.sometimes we can't judge a person by watching his body language

D.the speaker and the speaking environment are important to a person's body language

V.选词填空(共8小题,每小题1.5分,满分12分)

根据所提供的语境,从方框中选择正确的短语填空,使句子意思完整。(其中两个为多余选项) focus on get rid of picked out in advance look down upon

refer to at easebuilding upis likely tois famous for

59.It is cheaper if you book the tickets ___________, so you had better call the booking office right now.

60.Hangzhou __________ its beautiful lakes and mountains, which attract so many visitors every year.

61.Having succeeded in saving the child's life, the doctor made the worried parents feel.

62.What fine weather! John ___________ go to the beach now.

63.Mary had ___________ one dress that she particularly liked before she went to attend the wedding party of her best friend.

64.Our next-door neighbors are so noisy; I can't ___________ my homework.

65.More and more people are working hard for a peaceful world, so our hopes for peace are .

66.You shouldn't ___________ him just because he is a dustman.It is the dustmen that make our city so clean and tidy.

VI.口语交际(10分)

(试题及评分标准由学校备课组根据学生的情况自定)

B卷(共50分)

VII.听力信息填空(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

听下面一段独白,根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要信息,填入答题卷题号为67—71的空格中(每空1个词)。听录音前,你有10秒钟的时间读题;听完后,你将有60秒钟的作答时间(请作答在答题卷上)。录音读两遍

Name Florence Nightingale

Place of Birth67

Why did she travel in Europe? Started training as a 68

Where did she organize medical care? Turkey

What did she help to set up? Two new 69

What did her own school provide for nurses? Professional 70

When did she die? In the year of 71

注:请考生翻回到第3页继续做其它部分的试题。

VIII.短文填词(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

阅读下面的短文,用三种形式完成短文,使文章语义完整、连贯。(①根据上下文填空;②用所给单词的正确形式填空;③根据单词所给首字母填空。每空一词。)请将答案写在右边对应题号的横线上Lin Qiaozhi, a specialist in women's diseases, lived from 1901

to 1983.She had devoted her whole life to ____(help) women of 72._____

篇九:厦门2015高一下期末,数学市质检(含答案)

厦门市2014~2015学年第二学期高一质量检测

数学试题参考答案

一、选择题:

1-5 C A B D C 6-10 A D B D A

10.方法1:作y轴关于点M的对称直线x?6,P关于M的对称点P?在直线x?6上运

动,??MP,

故??,

则的最小值为

5?2?3.

方法2:设P(0,a),Q(x0,y0),M(3,2),

?(?3,a?2),?(x0?3,y0?2)

?(x0?6)2??y0?a?4?,表示C:(x?1)2?(y?2)2?4上的点

2

22

可看作圆C:(x?1)?(y?2)?4上的点到定直线x?6(x0,y0)与(6,4?a)的距离,

距离的最小值,为5?2?3. 二、填空题:

11.?212.3 13.

31??

14. 15.(?,) 16.②③ 2324

16.答案②③

①错误.f(x??)?tan(x??)?sin(x??)?tanx?sinx; f(x??)?f(x)不恒成

立,故f(x)的周期不是?.

f(??x)?f(??x)?tan(??x)?sin(??x)?tan(??x)?sin(??x)??0

??

③正确.y?tanx在(,?)上单调递增,y?sinx在(,?)上单调递减,相减即增.

22

??

④错误.在同一坐标系中作出函数y?tanx和y?sinx在区间(?,)上的图象,由图

22

象探知共有1个交点(或在该区间上解方程tanx?sinx?0,得仅有一个根x?0).

②正确.

三、解答题: 17.本题考查空间线面位置关系、角的计算等基础知识,考查空间想象能力、运算求解能力、

推理论证能力,考查化归与转化等数学思想.满分12分. (Ⅰ)证明:?F为AD1的中点,且G为D1E的中点

?FG为?AED1的中位线

?FG//AE----------------------2分

又?FG?平面AA1E,AE?平面AA1E

B1

?FG//平面AA1E ---------------------5分

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